Mapping South-South Cooperation in the Arab States

Arab States

Upgrading Apprenticeships: A Cross-Country Experience

Thursday, 25 June 2015 11:55 Written by 
  • Location(s): Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia
  • Type(s): Mechanism
  • Theme(s): Employment, Youth Empowerment
  • SDG(s): 8. Decent Work and Economic
  • Locations in the Arab States: Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia
  • Types in the Arab States: Mechanism
  • Themes in the Arab States: Employment, Youth Empowerment
  • SDGs in the Arab States: 8. Decent Work and Economic

The mechanism is aimed to promote youth and women employment by upgrading informal apprenticeship (IA), creating knowledge and developing practical skills of young women and men through on-the-job apprenticeships. 

The mechanism is based on strong cooperation with business associations, NGOs and communities that enable to mobilize businesses, and covers the following issues:

  • Quality of Training: Enhance access to new skills and technology for mentors, provide new skills for apprentices, monitor and assure training quality and content
  • Financing: Ensure that incentives are in place that businesses and apprentices participate
  • Decent Work and Quality: Abolish child labor in informal apprenticeship, improve working conditions and health and safety at work (building on the ILO WISE (Work improvement in small enterprises) methodology), improve social protection and strengthen gender equality
  • Linkages between IA and formal systems: Promote contracts, promote recognition of skills in formal labor markets, and support formalization of unregistered businesses.

In Egypt, implementation of the ILO/WFP/UNICEF Child Labour Project in 2008-2011 led to formalization of working relations through apprenticeship contract (tadarrug elmeheni), regular monitoring, occupational safety and health (OSH) improvements for 1000 apprentices in 72 occupations including: glassware, soap production, barber, baker, turner, wood painter, plumber, tailor. Since 2011 the apprenticeship component has targeted 3000 apprentices in 25 agriculture-related trades with apprenticeship contracts, skills scorecard for each occupation (to track on-the-job learning progress), off-the job training to apprentices (one day per week during 4 months), master craftspersons trained and OSH improvements.

In Tunisia, work has resulted in development of recommendations on improving governance and reviewing the regulatory frame for apprenticeship, strengthening the role of the apprenticeship counselor inside training centres, and the workplace trainers (maitre d`apprentissage), opening pathways from apprenticeship to further learning. A virtual platform is being created under a Spanish funded Youth Employment project to share good practices, tools and material and enable practitioners to exchange and discuss and strengthen the socio-professional network among apprenticeship counselors and workplace trainers.

In Jordan, youth received 6 months training in a private training centre (organized through IYF, including OSH, life skills, IT, rights at work, career guidance) and 4 months on-the-job training in micro and small enterprises. 

Apprentices received accident insurance and participated in a competition for the best apprentice, training quality was improved through on-the-job skills tracking, training of workplace trainers, an award was given to the best employer, OSH improvements at the workplace were realized through WISE, and over 85% of participating apprentices have passed skills assessments to obtain a work license. 

Partners: Ministries of Labour and Manpower in respective countries, training authorities and agencies like ATFP (Tunisia), ETVET Council and CAQA (Jordan), training institutions under the Ministries, NGOs including IYF (Jordan), CEOSS, Ali Mubarak, Caritas, Terre des Hommes (Egypt), employer associations, trade unions.

Contact details: 
ILO Decent Work Team Cairo
ILO Decent Work Team Beirut

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