The Project started in January 2010 with an objective to implement an urgent set of adaptation - focused measures that would minimize and reverse the food insecurity of small scale farmers and pastoralists thereby reducing the vulnerability of the rural communities induced by climate change.
The Project is focused on:
1) Resilience of food production systems in the face of climate change;
2) Institutional and individual capacities to implement climate risk management in the agricultural sector;
3) Strengthened and better understanding of lessons learned and emerging best practices captured and up scaled at the national level.
By 2014 the Project has promulgated and introduced modern and new technologies with the identified and tested packages of water harvesting techniques, drought resistant varieties, innovative irrigation methods, community based natural resource management and introduction of more suitable crops, alternative energy sources, animal production activities with emphasis on improved varieties of goats and supplementary feeds.
In-situ water harvesting techniques implemented in two states of Sudan have increased productivity of crops by 50% to 160%.
In North Kordofan, three wells were dug, supplied with pumps using solar energy and are used for producing crops and vegetables and for providing irrigation of the tree shelterbelts.
In the state of Gedarif, different water harvesting techniques were used in a total area of 650 hectares (Ha). 55 farmers benefitted from these techniques and in addition they received 208 sacks of early maturing sorghum variety.
In South Darfur, water harvesting interventions were implemented in six sites with a total area of 636 feddans (267 ha); 270 farmers benefited from the earth embankments (terraces) constructed for harvesting rain water. Early maturing varieties of Sorghum and Millet were distributed to the farmers. There was a marked increase in the productivity of the soils that benefitted from the terraces. About 1000 tree seedlings were produced and planted by the farmers as live fences.
In River Nile state, solar energy is used to pump water to irrigate two shelterbelts using drip irrigation. Replacement of diesel pumps used to irrigate crops by solar driven pumps is in process.
Butane gas cylinders and stoves were distributed in the four states on a revolving fund basis.
The project has directly helped over 20,000 people in diverse socio-economic and ecological conditions to adapt to climate change, increasing resilience to climate variability and overcoming poverty.
Owing to community participation approach through the Village Development Committees and involvement of all stakeholders in state technical committees that included researchers, academicians, agriculture and natural resources practitioners and community representatives the trust of a large number of beneficiaries, increasing their understanding of climate change, and changing their attitudes to natural resource management practices has been achieved.
Partners: Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), UNDP Sudan, Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources (Sudan)
P.O. Box 10488, Khartoum
Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources, Sudan
NAPA Implementation Project
Dr. Mutasim B. Nimir, Project Manager