After MDGs were set by International society, some of infectious diseases have decreased drastically. Also, infectious diseases still remain as a huge challenge to health workers. The gap between the efforts exerted in the field of fighting infectious disease and the mortality rates due to these diseases, reveals the lack of well-trained personnel and tools needed to face these diseases in the developing countries like Africa. Besides, health workers and facilities need to keep up-with the new developments and techniques in the field of diagnosis. The role of new laboratory diagnosis methodologies and monitoring tools for the new infectious diseases such as AIDS, Hepatitis C virus, Ebola virus and others is of utmost importance for prevention. Practical training would allow the health workers to master the different laboratories techniques available for their diagnosis ranging from simple techniques up top the most advanced ones.
Egypt shares their common health problems with the other African countries, especially infectious diseases. At the same time, Egypt has advantages over African countries in terms of techniques, health System and experiences in the health sector.
In order to make Infectious diseases in African countries diminish, JICA provides regular qualification improvement course for health workers which includes integrated modules such as clinical, laboratory and epidemiology sciences which approach infectious diseases. Group trainings organized every year improved knowledge in total for 96 medical doctors, and laboratory technologists from 14 African countries since 2012. (Burundi, DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia).
During the training, participants are able to try several experiments in the practical sessions. As a result of the 5-week training implemented once a year from 2011 to 2017:
- Basic information on fundamental immunology
- Recent information on natural history and pathophysiology of infectious diseases
- Hands-on experience in running and developing a medical laboratory for diagnosis of infectious diseases
- Safety in blood transfusion
- Basic tools for clinical diagnosis of selected diseases
- Basic epidemiological and research tools in studying and controlling the selected infectious diseases
- Basic knowledge and usage of standard immunological techniques in evaluating diagnostic tests and decision analysis
- Basic concepts for both quality management philosophy for organizational development and a management process for
- Basic tools in bio-risk, biosafety, and biosecurity
- Formulation of an action plan to be implemented at the participants' organizations
Practical implications after the training:
- The participant from Tanzania was heading the infectious diseases department and able to convince her hospital management to establish infection control unit.
The training enhanced participants’ current technical skills in clinical and laboratory medicine and research capabilities in the field of infectious diseases. It maximized the contribution of participants to their countries’ health development, especially in the field of protection against infectious diseases, through the clinical and laboratory diagnosis.
Partners: JICA and Egyptian Agency of Partnership for Development (EAPD); Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University
Budget: USD 100,000/Year
Japan International Cooperation Agency(JICA) Egypt
Satoko Maruyama, Project Formulation Adviser, JICA Egypt Office