Fish and other fisheries’ productions are preferred food items in Africa due to its nutrients, rich in protein and micronutrient contents. Fish is priced reasonably (i.e. Cheaper than substitute food items such as meat) and form an integral part of traditional diets. Unfortunately, because of combined effects of rapid population growth and dwindling capture fish production, per-capita supply of fish has shown a decreasing trend in African region and many countries import a significant amount of fish annually. Latter causes food deficit and price increases in fish. Since it is not possible to increase fish catch from natural environment, Governments of African countries increased their focus on aquaculture to fill up the gap between demand and supply of fish for national food security.
The training program called “Third Country Training Program(TCTP) on Fish Culture development” helped to build capacities of local farmers through practical training and knowledge on climatic condition, farmed fish species and the farming technologies in practice. These common factors provide a platform to African trainees to benefit from the training course, exchange opinions and practices towards the application of the course contents in home countries.
It was supported by Japan International Cooperation Agency(JICA) and the government of Egypt through Egyptian Agency of Partnership for Development (EAPD) based on the agreement on ‘Japan-Egypt Triangular Technical Cooperation Program for the promotion of South-South Cooperation in Africa’.
3 months training has been implemented once a year since 2004 in Egypt. The training was delivered in Egypt, in the group format with practical exercises in the fields for 191 participants from 21 African countries. All participants have their own aquaculture pond and conduct several experiments by themselves. Country participants come from: Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoro, DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda and Zambia.
As a result of the trainings:
- Rapid developments have occurred in aquaculture sector of Egypt in past 20 years and now Egypt ranks 9th in fish farming production and 1st among African countries.
- Thanks to Egyptian expertise, knowledge exchange from Egypt to neighboring countries helped to enhance their capacity and apply them for adequate development and management of the aquaculture sector in their own countries.
- Participants could increase fish yield and income from aquaculture farming; e.g.: Malawi participant was able to increase the productivity of Tilapia from 1-2 ton/ha to 5.5 ton/ha and 8.0 tons/ ha of Catfish. Uganda participant increased the number of ponds, from 50 to 110 (60 new ponds), in his area of responsibilty. (2016)
Partners: JICA and EAPD; Technical support by Training Institute: Egyptian International Center for Agriculture (EICA) and World Fish
Budget: Training cost and Invitation cost. USD 170,000/Year
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in Egypt;
Mr. Satoko Maruyama
Project Formulation Adviser, JICA Egypt Office