Thematic focus areas/sectors/practices supported by the solution:
Capacity Development - National and Sector Capacity Development Strategies; Poverty Reduction
Development challenge and key achievements:
- Current estimates suggest that about 2 million dwellings will be required in urban Iraq by 2016.
- Acute shortage of buildable land in urban areas and a near absence of formal housing ﬁnance.
- Incomplete legal and regulatory system for private sector investment in housing.
- Infrastructure backlogs and declining infrastructure service levels owing to inadequate maintenance.
- Many households cannot afford decent housing. There are no scaled-up programmes to make these individuals and their families potential consumers of housing in a market system.
- Undercapitalized construction sector dominated by low-producing public companies.
- Lack of established procedures for improving or redeveloping unplanned settlements.
To facilitate access to decent housing for all Iraqis:
“Decent Housing” is understood to afford an adequate amount of space, adequate protection from the elements, and access to basic infrastructure, social services, and employment areas.
- Increase efﬁciency in the production of housing.
- To increase the ability of the Government to address the needs of special groups and those unable to afford suitable housing.
- To improve the quality, including energy efﬁciency and environmental impacts, of new housing.
A national housing policy document was endorsed by the cabinet of ministers. The document sets the roadmap for key strategies and future development within the housing sector in Iraq.
The comparative advantage of the solution:
A group of international experts with wide experience was mobilized to work on this assignment alongside national consultants from the government side.
- Ministry of Construction and Housing;
- Ministry of Municipalities; Amanat Baghdad and other stakeholder ministries.
Sustainability: The housing policy sets the road map for strengthening the housing sector in Iraq through creating an enabling environment for housing delivery through a set of policies suggested for each thematic area.
Replicability: The Iraq housing policy document has become an authority regarding principles followed for developing and resolving issues of the housing sector and formulating future strategies on the national, sub national and local levels in Iraq.
Lessons Learned: The policy calls for major reforms in all housing sub-sectors: land management, housing ﬁnance, etc. It also calls for an enabling role for the government institutions in the housing sector. The required changes will be challenging and much more difﬁcult than physical planning and implementing of housing projects, especially in the early years of the policy implementation phase. Technical assistance in this respect is vital to ensure implementation of the policy.
Total Budget (USD): 320,000
Focal Point and Contact:
PO Box 941864
4 Abdullah al Jazzar Street, Amman, 11194, Jordan