The model of Sudanese for Knowledge Transfer through Expatriate Nationals (SPaKTEN) it is part of the solutions that applied in many developing countries including Sudan. The main purposes is to Transfer of knowledge and skills to home country through experts and qualified expatriate. The model was internationally introduced by UNDP to reduce the adverse effects of the u201cBrain-Drainu201d phenomenon.
The Secretariat of the Sudanese Working Abroad (SSWA) have many initiatives with successful solutions the Secretariat actively works among the Sudanese diaspora and achieved various successful projects, owned by the national diaspora and the secretariat:
- University of Expatriates (Exchanges of solutions for the challenges in the region and migration studies etc...)
- Six private companies established and operating owned by expatriates in the fields of transport, money exchange, financial services and Investment Company.
- The transport Company has owned a passenger vessel to facilitate the transportation of Expatriates from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states during the bottleneck in transportation.
- Mining and Small industries companies.
More importantly, there is an excellent experience already operating under the titleu201d National partnership for the transfer of knowledge through Expatriates National Sudanese Partnership for Transfer of Knowledge through Expatriates National (SPaKTEN) is a national program works under the umbrella of the Secretariat of the Sudanese Working Abroad (SSWA), within its general mandate for the welfare of the nation, to recruits highly skilled expatriate Sudanese professionals to transfer their acquired experience to the demanding Sudanese stakeholder through;
- Serving as short term advisors,
- Providing technical expertise and Offering policy advice and
- research to different Sudanese authorities, ministries, universities and other institutions.
The solutions is based on Mobilization of skills of female and male Sudanese National Expatriates and experts living abroad, volunteering to return home of short periods of time to share the expertise they have gained abroad with research, academic, training, public or private institutes.
The program organizes two medical convoys units each year, the unit is made up of ten national volunteers doctors , the convoys visited towns within the most needy states in the country ,based on the towns and bring villages surrounding ,with an estimated treated population of around 5000 patients /convoy ,twice a year an average of 10,000 people/year. The convoy provide medical consulting services, medical treatment and in addition to surgical operations. All medical services, drugs and consulting are free, with the support of SPaKTEN, donation and from the Federal Ministry of Health.
The program also includes People with Special Needs, support in term of equipment and tools relevant to people with disabilities. The program has trained 50 midwives from the far north state in Sudan, North State and supported them with medical bag contained a package of medical tools.
This model create significant shifts in changing the perceptions and traditional practices in the country, it also encouraged catalyzing and mobilization of national expertise working abroad to share their experiences and bring the knowledge and skills inside the country. The programme mobilized annually more than 30 national doctors working abroad to visit the country and provide their experiences, knowledge and medical consultancy and treatment for more than 10,000 people with low cost. The programme established two strategic partnership in the health sector between the Association of Sudanese Doctors working in British and Ireland and the Secretariat of Sudanese Working Abroad. The second partnership with the Sudanese working in the Netherlands, the Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals - TRQN in the Netherlands and the Secretariat of Sudanese Working Abroad. This partnerships trained 50 midwiferies in the far North State where such services is badly needed, the midwiferies in addition to the training by professional doctors equipped with 50 bags contained of package of medical kits The solutions can be replicated in countries with conflict or post-conflict where are basic needs such, as health ,education and capacity gap is exist and prevailed as top priority and unfortunately overlooked du to other priorities related to the conflict. That need such partnerships and mobilization of the national expert working abroad. The most people who suffer are the people living in remote area, where such programme can access these areas.
Budget: The cost of two medical convoys cost US$ 60,000 (US$ 1500/one doctor for 15 days x 40 doctors). All doctors are national working abroad coming at their own cost and accommodation, the project will only cover the travel and accommodation out the capital.
Secretariat of Sudanese Working Abroad
Manager Ms. Seham A.Elbasheer